Trichostatin A (TSA), histone deacetylase inhibitor, shows a promising therapeutic effect on cancer cells in combination with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. However, little has been reported on the combined treatment of TSA with hyperthermia. Here, we have assessed the effect of TSA/hyperthermia on human glioblastoma A172 cells and found that TSA increases the thermosensitivity of A172 cells, resulting in cellular apoptosis. The underlying mechanism of this effect consists of reduction in the level of phosphorylated STAT3 (Tyr705), a transcription factor required for survival of A172 cells, which leads to down-regulation of STAT3 target genes, cyclin D1 and Bcl-xL. Furthermore, the level of VEGF mRNA was also decreased by TSA/hyperthermia, suggesting the antiangiogenic effect of TSA/hyperthermia on human glioblastoma. Collectively, our results show the role of TSA as a chemical thermosensitizer, suggesting the possible therapeutic application of combined treatment of TSA/hyperthermia on STAT3-dependent tumors.