Physical modalities in the treatment of tendon injuries

Clin Sports Med. 1992 Jul;11(3):645-59.


Physical modalities such as heat, cold, and electricity have been used for many years in the treatment of tendon injuries. This article examines the basic modalities that the athletic trainer and physical therapist use in these treatment programs and how well they have performed. The indications and contraindications for both are included.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cryotherapy
  • Electric Stimulation Therapy
  • Hot Temperature / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Paraffin / therapeutic use
  • Physical Stimulation
  • Tendon Injuries / diagnostic imaging
  • Tendon Injuries / rehabilitation
  • Tendon Injuries / therapy*
  • Time Factors
  • Ultrasonography


  • Paraffin