Effects of a back-pain-reducing program during pregnancy for Korean women: a non-equivalent control-group pretest-posttest study

Int J Nurs Stud. 2007 Jan;44(1):19-28. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2005.11.016. Epub 2006 Jan 4.


Background: Although many pregnant women experience back pain, it has not considered an important health problem. No study has investigated the effects of a back-pain-reducing program (BPRP) during pregnancy for Korean women.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a program designed to reduce back pain in pregnant women.

Methods: A non-equivalent control-group pretest-posttest design was used. Pregnant women who attended an antenatal clinic and experienced back pain during their pregnancy were included in an intervention group (n=29), and their intensity of back pain, functional limitation and anxiety were compared with women in a control group from another antenatal clinic (n=27). The data were collected at three time points: prior to intervention, and 6 and 12 weeks after intervention.

Results: At 12 weeks after intervention, the intensity of back pain experienced by the intervention group was significantly lower than that of the control group. However, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups with respect to functional limitations and anxiety.

Conclusions: The findings show that the pain-reducing program developed for this study was effective in reducing the intensity of back pain experienced by pregnant women. Promoting good posture and regular exercise can be recommended as a method to relieve back pain in pregnancy women. Further studies are needed to confirm the effect of the BPRP during pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / etiology
  • Back Pain / complications
  • Back Pain / diagnosis
  • Back Pain / prevention & control*
  • Exercise Therapy / organization & administration*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Korea
  • Maternal-Child Nursing
  • Nurse's Role
  • Nursing Evaluation Research
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Pain Measurement
  • Patient Education as Topic / organization & administration*
  • Posture
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis
  • Pregnancy Complications / prevention & control*
  • Prenatal Care
  • Program Evaluation
  • Severity of Illness Index