Introduction: The aim of the present study was to evaluate a possible association between QT dispersion (QTd) and the amount of viable and scarred myocardial tissue after revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease and impaired left ventricular (LV) function.
Methods: Twenty-two patients with ischemic LV dysfunction underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) before and 6 months after surgical revascularization. Mean corrected QT-interval value and QTd were calculated at baseline and follow-up. Segments consisting of transmural scar were determined as the segments that remained akinetic in all stages of DSE despite reperfusion. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the number of definitive segments consisting of transmural scar (minor scar group, < or =2 scarred segments; major scar group, >2 scarred segments).
Results: QTd was significantly lower in the minor compared with the major scar group at baseline and follow-up (mean [SD], 61  vs 98  milliseconds, P = .008, and 45  vs 68  milliseconds, P = .01, respectively). Segments consisting of transmural scar positively correlated to QTd at baseline (r = 0.53, P = .01) and follow-up (r = 0.62, P = .002).
Conclusions: QTd is positively correlated with the extent of scarred myocardial tissue assessed by DSE. Surgical revascularization results in reduction of QTd in all patients with hibernating myocardium and LV dysfunction.