Clinical evaluation of dental and periodontal status in a group of oncological patients before chemotherapy

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2006 Jan 1;11(1):E17-21.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Objective: To evaluate the dental status of 88 cancer patients before chemotherapy.

Material and methods: Eighty-eight patients with cancer in different body locations were studied and compared with a control group. Dental plaque was assessed by means of the Silness and Löe index, dental status with the DMFT index, and periodontal status with the modified CPI index.

Results: In the oncological patients the mean Silness and Löe index was 1.28-/+0.11. Patients showed multiple missing teeth (mean number 7.55-/+0.80); the mean number of decayed teeth was 2.10-/+0.36; and the mean number of filled teeth was 2.27-/+0.37. As to periodontal status, the mean modified CPI index was 1.45-/+0.11. In the control group, the mean Silness and Löe index was 0.94-/+0.00. The mean number of decayed teeth was 1.21-/+0.25; the mean number of missing teeth was 4.97-/+0.67; and the mean number of filled teeth was 4.82-/+0.44. The mean modified CPI index was 1.29-/+0.10.

Conclusions: Oncological patients in our study showed more dental plaque versus healthy patients and more decayed and missing teeth. However, patients in the control group showed more filled teeth than cancer patients. Periodontal status as determined by the modified CPI index was similar in both patient groups.

MeSH terms

  • Case-Control Studies
  • DMF Index
  • Dental Care for Chronically Ill*
  • Dental Caries / complications*
  • Dental Plaque / complications*
  • Dental Plaque Index
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / complications*
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Oral Hygiene
  • Patient Care Planning
  • Periodontal Diseases / complications*
  • Periodontal Index
  • Tooth Loss / complications*