Effect of Plant Sterols and Glucomannan on Lipids in Individuals With and Without Type II Diabetes

Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Apr;60(4):529-37. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602347.

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether supplements of plant sterols and/or glucomannan improve lipid profile and cholesterol biosynthesis in mildly hypercholesterolemic type II diabetic and non-diabetic subjects and to compare the response of these two subject groups to the treatments.

Design: A randomized, crossover study consisting of four phases of 21 days, with each phase separated by a 28-day washout.

Setting: The Mary Emily Clinical Nutrition Research Unit of McGill University.

Subjects: Eighteen non-diabetic individuals and 16 type II diabetic individuals aged 38-74 years.

Interventions: Subjects were supplemented with plant sterols (1.8 g/day), glucomannan (10 g/day), a combination of glucomannan and plant sterols, and a placebo, provided in the form of bars.

Results: Overall plasma cholesterol concentrations were lowered (P<0.05) after combination treatment (4.72+/-0.20 mmol/l) compared to control (5.47+/-0.18 mmol/l). Plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations were decreased (P<0.05) after glucomannan (3.16+/-0.14 mmol/l) and combination treatments (2.95+/-0.16 mmol/l) compared to control (3.60+/-0.16 mmol/l). The results of lipid profiles did not differ between subject groups. Overall plasma lathosterol concentrations, an index of cholesterol biosynthesis, were lowered (P<0.05) after the combination treatment compared to the plant sterol treatment.

Conclusions: The results suggest that glucomannan and a combination of glucomannan and plant sterols substantially improves plasma LDL cholesterol concentrations.

Sponsorship: Forbes Medi-Tech Inc., Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cathartics / pharmacology
  • Cholesterol / biosynthesis*
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Cholesterol, LDL / blood*
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism*
  • Drug Synergism
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypercholesterolemia / blood
  • Hypercholesterolemia / drug therapy*
  • Hypercholesterolemia / metabolism
  • Lipid Metabolism / drug effects*
  • Male
  • Mannans / pharmacology*
  • Mannans / therapeutic use
  • Middle Aged
  • Phytosterols / pharmacology*
  • Phytosterols / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Cathartics
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Mannans
  • Phytosterols
  • (1-6)-alpha-glucomannan
  • Cholesterol