Somatic cell hybrids retaining the deleted chromosome 17 from 15 unrelated Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) [del(17)(p11.2p11.2)] patients were obtained by fusion of patient lymphoblasts with thymidine kinase-deficient rodent cell lines. Seventeen sequence-tagged sites (STSs) were developed from anonymous markers and cloned genes mapping to the short arm of chromosome 17. The STSs were used to determine the deletion status of these loci in these and four previously described human chromosome 17-retaining hybrids. Ten STSs were used to identify 28 yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) from the St. Louis human genomic YAC library. Four of the 17 STSs identified simple repeat polymorphisms. The order and location of deletion breakpoints were confirmed and refined, and the regional assignment of several probes and cloned genes were determined. The cytogenetic band locations and relative order of six markers on 17p were established by fluorescence in situ hybridization mapping to metaphase chromosomes. The latter data confirmed and supplemented the somatic cell hybrid results. Most of the hybrids derived from [del(17)(p11.2p11.2)] patients demonstrated a similar pattern of deletion for the marker loci and were deleted for D17S446, D17S258, D17S29, D17S71, and D17S445. However, one of them demonstrated a unique pattern of deletion. This patient is deleted for several markers known to recognize a large DNA duplication associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease type 1A. These data suggest that the proximal junction of the CMT1A duplication is close to the distal breakpoint in [del(17)(p-11.2p11.2)] patients.