The effect of ingredients in dry dog foods on the risk of gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs

J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. Jan-Feb 2006;42(1):28-36. doi: 10.5326/0420028.

Abstract

Using dry dog food label information, the hypothesis was tested that the risk of gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) increases with an increasing number of soy and cereal ingredients and a decreasing number of animal-protein ingredients among the first four ingredients. A nested case-control study was conducted with 85 GDV cases and 194 controls consuming a single brand and variety of dry food. Neither an increasing number of animal-protein ingredients (P=0.79) nor an increasing number of soy and cereal ingredients (P=0.83) among the first four ingredients significantly influenced GDV risk. An unexpected finding was that dry foods containing an oil or fat ingredient (e.g., sunflower oil, animal fat) among the first four ingredients were associated with a significant (P=0.01), 2.4-fold increased risk of GDV. These findings suggest that the feeding of dry dog foods that list oils or fats among the first four label ingredients predispose a high-risk dog to GDV.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animal Feed / analysis*
  • Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
  • Animals
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats / adverse effects
  • Dietary Fats / analysis
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Proteins / analysis
  • Dog Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Dog Diseases / etiology
  • Dogs
  • Gastric Dilatation / epidemiology
  • Gastric Dilatation / etiology
  • Gastric Dilatation / veterinary*
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Volvulus / epidemiology
  • Stomach Volvulus / etiology
  • Stomach Volvulus / veterinary*

Substances

  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Proteins