A proposed tolerance criterion for diffuse axonal injury in man

J Biomech. 1992 Aug;25(8):917-23. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(92)90231-o.


The head injury criterion (HIC) is currently the government-accepted head injury indicator. The HIC is not injury-specific, does not relate to injury severity, nor does it take into account variations in the brain mass or load direction. This report focuses on one type of inertial brain injury, diffuse axonal injury (DAI), and utilizes animal studies, physical model experiments, and analytical model simulations to determine the kinematics of DAI in the subhuman primate and to scale these results to man. A human injury tolerance for moderate to severe DAI, which includes the influences of rotational loads and brain mass, is proposed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acceleration
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Axons*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Brain Injuries*
  • Coma / etiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Structural
  • Papio