Kidney transplantation in HIV-infected patients

Semin Dial. Nov-Dec 2005;18(6):495-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-139X.2005.00095.x.


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has traditionally been considered an absolute contraindication to solid organ transplantation. With improvements in survival and increases in the prevalence of end-stage liver and kidney disease in HIV-positive patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy, many transplant centers have begun to reconsider the role of transplantation in patients with well-controlled HIV infection. This article reviews the literature on transplantation in HIV-infected patients, with a focus on kidney transplantation in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / surgery*
  • Kidney Transplantation*