Updates and five-year evaluation of the S.A.F.E. program: a family psychoeducational program for serious mental illness

Community Ment Health J. 2006 Apr;42(2):213-9. doi: 10.1007/s10597-005-9018-3.


This brief report reviews recent updates to the S.A.F.E. Program, a family psychoeducational intervention for serious mental illness created in the Veterans Affairs (VA) system. The improvements and significant content additions to the curriculum are outlined. Further, positive five-year program evaluation data are described, including high levels of participant retention and satisfaction. Program attendance is positively correlated with understanding of mental illness, awareness of VA resources, and ability to engage in self-care activities-and inversely correlated with caregiver distress. This data lays the groundwork for a randomized clinical trial and raises questions about the necessity of diagnostic-specific family programming.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Caregivers / education*
  • Caregivers / psychology
  • Consumer Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
  • Depressive Disorder, Major*
  • Family / psychology*
  • Female
  • Health Education*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health Services / standards*
  • Middle Aged
  • Problem Solving
  • Program Evaluation
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social Support*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States
  • United States Department of Veterans Affairs
  • Veterans / psychology*