Infusion of human umbilical cord blood cells protect against cerebral ischemia and damage during heatstroke in the rat

Exp Neurol. 2006 May;199(1):67-76. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2005.11.015. Epub 2006 Jan 6.


Intravenously delivered human umbilical cord blood cells (HUCBC) have been previously shown to improve both morphologic and functional recovery of heat-stroked rats. To extend these findings, we examined both the morphologic and functional alterations in the presence of HUCBC or human peripheral mononuclear cells (PBMC) 24 h before initiation of heatstroke. Anesthetized rats, 1 day before the initiation of heatstroke, were divided into three major groups and given the following: (a) serum-free lymphocyte medium (0.3 ml) intravenously; (b) PBMC (5 x 10(6) in 0.3 ml serum-free lymphocyte medium); or (c) HUCBC (5 x 10(6) in 0.3 ml serum-free lymphocyte medium). Another group of rats were exposed to room temperature (26 degrees C) and used as normothermic controls. In vehicle-treated heatstroke rats, their mean arterial pressure, cerebral blood flow, and brain PO(2) were all lower than in normothermic controls after the onset of heatstroke. However, their body temperatures and striatal levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-dependent NO, ischemia and damage markers (e.g., glycerol, glutamate, and lactate/pyruvate ratio), and neuronal damage in the striatum were all greater. The heatstroke-induced arterial hypotension, cerebral ischemia and hypoxia, and increased levels of iNOS-dependent NO in the striatum were all significantly reduced by pretreatment with HUCBC, but not with PBMC. Moreover, HUCBC were localized by immunohistochemistry and PCR analysis in the injured brain structures and spleen. These findings indicate that HUCBC transplantation, in addition to having therapeutic values, can be a good choice for preventing heatstroke occurrence.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Body Temperature / physiology
  • Brain / blood supply
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Brain / pathology
  • Brain Ischemia / etiology
  • Brain Ischemia / pathology
  • Brain Ischemia / prevention & control*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation* / methods
  • Corpus Striatum / enzymology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Glutamic Acid / metabolism
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Heat Stroke / complications
  • Heat Stroke / pathology
  • Heat Stroke / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry / methods
  • Infusions, Intravenous / methods
  • Male
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Time Factors
  • Transplantation, Heterologous*


  • Nitric Oxide
  • Glutamic Acid
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II