Daxx: death or survival protein?

Trends Cell Biol. 2006 Feb;16(2):97-104. doi: 10.1016/j.tcb.2005.12.002. Epub 2006 Jan 10.

Abstract

The death domain-associated protein (Daxx) was originally cloned as a CD95 (FAS)-interacting protein and modulator of FAS-induced cell death. Daxx accumulates in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm; in the nucleus, Daxx is found associated with the promyelocytic leukaemia (PML) nuclear body and with alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome protein (ATRX)-positive heterochromatic regions. In the cytoplasm, Daxx has been reported to interact with various proteins involved in cell death regulation. Despite a significant number of studies attempting to determine Daxx function in apoptotic and non-apoptotic cell death, its precise role in this process is only partially understood. Here, we critically review the current understanding of Daxx function and shed new light on this interesting field.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis*
  • Carrier Proteins / physiology*
  • Cell Nucleus / chemistry
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Cytoplasm / chemistry
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Molecular Chaperones
  • Nuclear Proteins / physiology*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology

Substances

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Carrier Proteins
  • DAXX protein, human
  • Daxx protein, mouse
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Molecular Chaperones
  • Nuclear Proteins