Effect of a pocket-size tablet-dispensing device on glycaemic control in Type 2 diabetic patients

Diabet Med. 2006 Jan;23(1):40-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2005.01721.x.

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate whether a pocket-size tablet-dispensing device would improve adherence to therapy as judged by reduction of HbA(1c) levels in a large population of Type 2 diabetic patients.

Methods: The study design was prospective, randomized, open label with two parallel groups. Patients (2296) were recruited from general practitioners and internists and randomized to either receive a tablet dispenser (TD) or no intervention (control group, CO). Patients' characteristics and current oral therapy (including dosage) were recorded at baseline. HbA(1c) was compared between groups at baseline and after 6 months' intervention.

Results: Data were available in 2081 patients. Baseline characterisitcs, including age, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure and gender distribution were comparable between the two groups, as was HbA(1c)[7.9 (7.9-8.0), TD vs. 8.0 (7.9-8.0)%, CO, means (95% CI)]. After 6 months, HbA(1c) improved in both groups, but improvement was significantly greater in TD than in controls [-0.74 (0.67-0.80) vs. -0.53 (0.47-0.59)%, P < 0.0001]. Possession of a dispenser remained an independent predictor of improved control in a multiple regression model. In the subgroup analysis, the effect was significantly more pronounced (i) in patients receiving more medications and (ii) more diabetes medications per day (iii) in younger patients.

Conclusion: In this large study population in a 'realistic' setting, a simple tablet-dispensing device led to a significant and clinically relevant improvement in HbA(1c) levels. Because patients with a more complex therapy regimen benefited more, we suggest that TD might have improved adherence to therapy.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Age Factors
  • Blood Glucose / analysis*
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin / analysis
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Compliance
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tablets / administration & dosage*
  • Weight Loss / physiology

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Tablets