Clinical evaluation of endothelial cell decrease with VisThesia in phacoemulsification surgery

J Cataract Refract Surg. 2005 Nov;31(11):2157-61. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2005.07.016.


Purpose: To assess the endothelial cell decrease after the use of sodium hyaluronate 0.3% and lidocaine hydrochloride 2% (VisThesia) to determine whether the addition of lidocaine 1% to sodium hyaluronate 1.5% makes the solution more toxic to the cornea.

Setting: Instituto de Oftalmologia Avanzada, Madrid, Spain, and Unita Operative Oculistica, Cesena, Italy.

Methods: VisThesia is an ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD) that incorporates lidocaine 1% to provide better comfort to patients under topical anesthesia. Fifty eyes 50 patients were operated on following the same patient selection and surgical technique. After the povidone-iodine (Betadine) ocular asepsis, 1 full ampoule of VisThesia Topical was applied over the corneal surface. The intracameral product was used as a routine OVD during the phacoemulsification procedure. The endothelium of the central cornea was examined preoperatively and 3 months after surgery using a noncontact endothelium microscope.

Results: At the last follow-up visit, the mean best corrected visual acuity was 0.88 +/- 0.18 and the mean manifest SE was -0.36 +/- 1.78 D. The mean endothelial cell density had decreased from 2363.57 +/- 435.4 cells/mm2 preoperatively to 2222.6 +/- 537.69 cells/mm2 at 3 months. These values are comparable with results obtained in other investigations published in the literature using other, similar OVD.

Conclusions: The results observed in this investigation indicate that the addition of lidocaine to the sodium hyaluronate in VisThesia does not induce additional toxicity nor does it result in increased endothelial cell loss when compared with other, similar OVDs.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Aged
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Count
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Endothelium, Corneal / drug effects*
  • Endothelium, Corneal / pathology
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronic Acid / adverse effects*
  • Hyaluronic Acid / therapeutic use
  • Lidocaine / adverse effects*
  • Lidocaine / therapeutic use
  • Phacoemulsification / methods*


  • Hyaluronic Acid
  • Lidocaine