99 patients affected with acute pancreatitis of different genesis were treated in hospital (necrotizing n = 38, mild form n = 61) from May 1990 to November 1991. Nearly 80% of these illnesses were ethanol-induced, 12% were of biliary origin. 90 patients were submitted to an adjuvant antioxidant therapy with selenium and D-alpha-tocopherol (necrotizing form n = 29, mild form n = 61). The average lethality rate of 34% (1982-1989) fell to 1.1% (1 female patient with biliarily induced pancreatitis). No lethal courses were observed in alcohol-induced, idiopathic, post-traumatic, and post-operative forms. Clinical courses proceeded more easily under adjuvant antioxidant therapy, surgical treatment was not necessary. A treatment at reasonable costs can be made in all general internal wards.