Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) initiation without intubation in two children with mediastinal malignancy

Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2007 Oct 15;49(5):751-4. doi: 10.1002/pbc.20741.


We report the cases of two children presenting with severe airway compromise secondary to a mediastinal malignancy managed with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation without intubation. Results are presented on the use of ECMO as a primary means of stabilizing a pediatric patient with a critical mediastinal mass, thus providing another management strategy for this difficult situation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Radiography
  • Remission Induction
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / etiology


  • Antineoplastic Agents