Impact of an educational intervention to promote condom use among the male partners of HIV positive women

J Eval Clin Pract. 2006 Feb;12(1):102-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2753.2005.00626.x.


Rationale aims and objectives: Promoting the secondary prevention of HIV transmission is essential.

Method: An intervention. aimed at increasing condom use by partners. was delivered to HIV positive women attending a Brazilian clinic. It included educational advice delivered by doctors. and unlimited access to free condoms. A pre-post design was used: 170 control group women were recruited. the intervention was implemented. and 170 intervention group women were then enrolled. All were interviewed at baseline. 30 and 60 days.

Results: After training. doctors were more likely to provide advice on condom use. Reported use increased by 8.8% points (a 14.2% increase) in the intervention group after 30 days. and by 5.7 points (9.5%) in the control group (P = 0.52).

Conclusion: The reasons why the intervention failed to reach a significant effect are discussed. as are the possible Public Health impact of a 14.2% increase in condom use among HIV positive women.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Ambulatory Care Facilities
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • HIV Seropositivity*
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Education / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Socioeconomic Factors