Nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy/nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NFD/NSF) is a disorder occurring exclusively in patients with renal disease. Until recently, it has been considered a fibrosing disorder essentially confined to the skin and underlying superficial soft tissue. Recent reports, however, have described patients with involvement of other organ systems, suggesting that this disorder is actually a systemic disease with preferential cutaneous manifestations. We describe a patient with end-stage renal disease with diagnosed NFD/NSF who subsequently developed respiratory failure leading to his death. Autopsy findings showed NFD/NSF involving the skin of all extremities, as well as diffuse diaphragm involvement.