Changes in polyamine levels during aging were measured in 3-, 10- and 26-week-old female mice. The level of polyamines in pancreas, brain, and uterus was maintained during these periods. The level of spermidine slightly decreased in intestine, and decreased significantly in thymus, spleen, ovary, liver, stomach, lung, kidney, heart and muscle during these periods. In skin, the level of spermidine was maximal in 10-week-old mice and markedly reduced in 26-week-old mice. The results suggest that maintenance of polyamine levels may play important roles in the function of the pancreas, brain and uterus in 3- to 26-week-old mice. We next looked for polyamine-rich food materials as a dietary source of polyamines. Foods found to be rich in polyamines included wheat germ, rice bran, black rice, Philippine mango, green pepper, Japanese pumpkin, nuts, fermented pickles, pond smelt, turban shell viscera, whelk viscera, salted salmon roe, salted cod roe, beef intestine (boiled) and liver of eel, beef, pork and chicken; and, as previously reported, soybean, fermented soybean (natto), mushrooms, orange and green tea leaf. These results offer useful information when it becomes necessary to ingest polyamines from food.