[Masticatory muscle activity during exertion of the back]

Nihon Hotetsu Shika Gakkai Zasshi. 2006 Jan;50(1):45-53. doi: 10.2186/jjps.50.45.
[Article in Japanese]

Abstract

Purpose: The lower jaw is considered to be fixed during body exercise. However, its mechanism remains to be elucidated. The present study investigated masticatory muscle activity during of the back.

Methods: The subjects were 9 healthy dentulous patients. The maximum back strength of the patients was measured with a back-dynamometer. Muscle activities of the temporal, masseter and digastric muscles during exertion of the back and mastication of peanuts were measured. Muscle activities of the temporal and masseter muscle during maximum voluntary clenching and that of the digastric muscles during exertion of resistance against forced mouth opening were also measured, and maximum voluntary muscle activities were obtained. The relative percentage of each masticatory muscle against maximum voluntary activity was calculated from the data obtained, and muscle activities during exertion of the back, mastication of peanuts and maximum muscle activity were compared.

Results: Muscle activities of the temporal, masseter and digastric muscles during exertion of back muscles against maximum voluntary muscle activity were 32.1%, 26.4% and 97.4% respectively. Muscle activities of these muscles during mastication of peanuts against maximum voluntary muscle activity were 40.7%, 36.0% and 17.3% respectively.

Conclusions: Muscle activities during exertion of the back were 30% in the temporal and masseter muscle, and approximately 100% in the digastric muscles. The result suggests that the digastric muscles play a key role in fixing the mandible in all masticatory muscles including jaw-opening and closing muscles. People exert back strength not only in sports but also in daily life. This study demonstrates the stronger involvement of the digastric muscles in fixation of the mandible during exercise than during strong clenching. The results are of interest in terms of mandibular position, occlusal contact and the load on the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) since there is no wide mouth opening.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Back / physiology*
  • Electromyography
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mastication / physiology
  • Masticatory Muscles / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Physical Exertion / physiology*
  • Sports / physiology