The C/EBP homologous protein CHOP (GADD153) is an inhibitor of Wnt/TCF signals

Oncogene. 2006 Jun 8;25(24):3397-407. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1209380. Epub 2006 Jan 23.


CHOP (GADD153) is a protein of the C/EBP family of transcriptional regulators, which dimerizes with other C/EBP members and changes their DNA-binding and transactivation properties. It induces growth arrest and apoptosis after endoplasmatic reticulum stress or DNA damage. CHOP is also expressed during early embryogenesis and upregulated in tumour tissues with defective Wnt signals. We report here that CHOP functions as a specific inhibitor of Wnt/T-cell factor (TCF) signalling. CHOP inhibits TCF-dependent transcription in human embryonic and colon cancer cell lines. Injection of CHOP mRNA into early Xenopus laevis embryos suppresses dorsal organizer formation and inhibits secondary axis formation and TCF-dependent transcription in response to Wnt-8, Dishevelled, beta-Catenin and TCF-VP16. In embryos and human cells, this inhibition depends on the N-terminal transactivation domain of CHOP, whereas the C-terminal dimerization domain is dispensable. CHOP binds to TCF factors, thereby preventing the binding of TCF to its DNA recognition site. Our findings demonstrate a novel function of CHOP as a Wnt repressor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Dimerization
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Signal Transduction
  • TCF Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transcription Factor 7-Like 1 Protein
  • Transcription Factor CHOP / metabolism
  • Transcription Factor CHOP / physiology*
  • Wnt Proteins / metabolism*
  • Xenopus Proteins / metabolism
  • Xenopus laevis


  • Hnf1b protein, Xenopus
  • TCF Transcription Factors
  • TCF7L1 protein, human
  • Transcription Factor 7-Like 1 Protein
  • Wnt Proteins
  • Xenopus Proteins
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta
  • Transcription Factor CHOP