Low central venous pressure anesthesia in major hepatic resection

Middle East J Anaesthesiol. 2005 Jun;18(2):367-77.

Abstract

Blood loss and transfusion requirements are major determinants of morbidity and mortality following liver resection. This study evaluates the association of low central venous pressure [LCVP] with blood loss and blood transfusion during liver resection. Thirty consecutive hepatic resections were studied prospectively concerning CVP, volume of blood loss and volume of blood transfusion and renal outcome. Data were analyzed for those with a CVP < or = 5 mmHg, and > 5 mmHg. A multivariate analysis assessed potential confounding factors in the comparison. The mean blood loss in patients with a CVP of 5 mmHg or less was < 500 ml and that in those with a CVP > 5 mmHg was > 2000 ml. (p <0.001). Only two patients with a CVP of < or = 5 mmHg had a blood transfusion whereas 11 patients with a CVP > 5 mmHg required transfusion. No incidences of air embolism or permanent renal shutdown have been reported. It is concluded that the volume of blood loss and blood transfusion during liver resection correlates with the CVP during parenchymal transection. Lowering the CVP to less than 5 mmHg is a simple and effective technique to reduce blood loss during liver resection and delete the need for blood transfusion with its hazards.

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Anesthesia / methods*
  • Blood Loss, Surgical / prevention & control
  • Blood Loss, Surgical / statistics & numerical data
  • Blood Transfusion / statistics & numerical data
  • Central Venous Pressure*
  • Female
  • Head-Down Tilt
  • Hepatectomy / adverse effects
  • Hepatectomy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Kidney / physiopathology
  • Liver / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Time Factors