A motion correction algorithm for an image realignment programme useful for sequential radionuclide renography

Eur J Nucl Med. 1992;19(7):476-83. doi: 10.1007/BF00185852.


The correction of organ movements in sequential radionuclide renography was done using an iterative algorithm that, by means of a set of rectangular regions of interest (ROIs), did not require any anatomical marker or manual elaboration of frames. The realignment programme here proposed is quite independent of the spatial and temporal distribution of activity and analyses the rotational movement in a simplified but reliable way. The position of the object inside a frame is evaluated by choosing the best ROI in a set of ROIs shifted 1 pixel around the central one. Statistical tests have to be ful-filled by the algorithm in order to activate the realignment procedure. Validation of the algorithm was done for different acquisition set-ups and organ movements. Results, summarized in Table 1, show that in about 90% of the simulated experiments the algorithm is able to correct the movements of the object with a maximum error less or equal to 1 pixel limit. The usefulness of the realignment programme was demonstrated with sequential radionuclide renography as a typical clinical application. The algorithm-corrected curves of a 1-year-old patient were completely different from those obtained without a motion correction procedure. The algorithm may be applicable also to other types of scintigraphic examinations, besides functional imaging in which the realignment of frames of the dynamic sequence was an intrinsic demand.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Movement / physiology*
  • Radioisotope Renography / methods*
  • Viscera / physiology*