Enhanced SMYD3 expression is essential for the growth of breast cancer cells

Cancer Sci. 2006 Feb;97(2):113-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2006.00146.x.


We previously reported that upregulation of SMYD3, a histone H3 lysine-4-specific methyltransferase, plays a key role in the proliferation of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we reveal that SMYD3 expression is also elevated in the great majority of breast cancer tissues. Similarly to CRC and HCC, silencing of SMYD3 by small interfering RNA to this gene resulted in the inhibited growth of breast cancer cells, suggesting that increased SMYD3 expression is also essential for the proliferation of breast cancer cells. Moreover, we show here that SMYD3 could promote breast carcinogenesis by directly regulating expression of the proto-oncogene WNT10B. These data imply that augmented SMYD3 expression plays a crucial role in breast carcinogenesis, and that inhibition of SMYD3 should be a novel therapeutic strategy for treatment of breast cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / pathology
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation / physiology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Gene Silencing / drug effects
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Middle Aged
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Up-Regulation
  • Wnt Proteins / metabolism


  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • WNT10B protein, human
  • Wnt Proteins
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
  • SMYD3 protein, human