Participation survey/mobility: psychometric properties of a measure of participation for people with mobility impairments and limitations

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Feb;87(2):189-97. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2005.09.014.


Objective: To describe the development and psychometric properties of a self-report survey of participation by people with mobility limitations, the Participation Survey/Mobility (PARTS/M).

Design: The information obtained during interviews and focus groups was used to develop items for the PARTS/M. Demographics and measures of disability, health, and functioning were collected. The PARTS/M was administered twice.

Setting: Primarily in the midwestern United States.

Participants: Purposeful sample of 604 people with mobility limitations having a diagnosis of spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, stroke, or postpoliomyelitis.

Interventions: Not applicable.

Main outcome measure: PARTS/M is composed of 20 major life activities that are placed in 6 domains used in the activity/participation component of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: self-care; mobility; domestic life; interpersonal interactions and relationships; major life areas; and community, social, and civic life. For each activity, questions were asked about components of participation including frequency, health-related limitations, importance, choice, satisfaction, use of assistive technology, and use of personal assistance.

Results: PARTS/M domains and components of participation had good internal consistency and stability. Composite participation scores were developed for participation components and domains.

Conclusions: PARTS/M is a reliable measure of some aspects of participation in major life activities for people with mobility impairments and limitations living in community settings.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Data Collection
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mobility Limitation*
  • Patient Participation*
  • Psychometrics
  • Self Disclosure
  • Social Adjustment*
  • Socioeconomic Factors