Bicycle riding is a popular form of recreation, fitness and transportation in many areas of the world. Traumatic injuries associated with bicycle riding have been documented and intervention strategies have been successful. This has not been the case for non-traumatic injuries. The prevalence of non-traumatic bicycle injuries can be as high as 85%. The most common sites for non-traumatic cycling-related injuries include the knee, neck/shoulder, hands, buttock and perineum. Two categories of injuries that may have the greatest impact on disability include ulnar and median nerve palsy, and erectile dysfunction. Injury prevention strategies have been proposed to reduce non-traumatic injuries but these strategies remain untested.