Objectives: To detect new specific gene expressions in squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
Methods: Representational difference analysis of cDNA (cDNA RDA) was applied to a human esophageal cancer cell line (KYSE170) and a human esophageal epithelial cell line (HEEC-1).
Results: LAGE-1 was expressed specifically in KYSE170, but not in HEEC-1. It is also expressed in 27% of esophageal cancer cell lines (3/11) and 33% of esophageal cancer tissues (10/30), but not in other HEECs, normal esophageal epithelium, or other normal tissues except testis, ovary and kidney. The expression of LAGE-1 is strongly correlated with that of MAGE-A1 (p = 0.013, Fisher's exact probability test). Fibronectin, cytokeratin 6B, cytokeratin 19, cyclin D2 and Ten-m2 were detected as candidates for downregulated genes. Reduced expression profiles of them were also identified using cDNA microarrays. The expression of LAGE-1 was induced by 5'-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5Aza-dC) and trichostatin A (TSA) in esophageal cancer cell lines, which did not express LAGE-1. In HEECs, 5Aza-dC induced LAGE-1 expression, but TSA did not.
Conclusions: LAGE-1 expression was detected in esophageal cancer by cDNA RDA. LAGE-1 might have the potential to be a target antigen for anti-tumoral immunotherapy in esophageal cancers because of its tumor-specific expression similar to that of MAGE-A1.
Copyright 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.