A middle meningeal artery which arises from the internal carotid artery in which the first branchial artery participates

Ann Anat. 2006 Jan;188(1):33-8. doi: 10.1016/j.aanat.2005.08.013.


A middle meningeal artery arising from the internal carotid artery was found in the right half of the head of an 85-year-old male cadaver during student dissection practice. It arose from the lateral aspect of the internal carotid artery in the carotid canal, arrived at the foramen lacerum after running forward. It then ran backward under the trigeminal ganglion and took the usual course after passing its posterior margin. On one hand, the maxillary artery did not issue the middle meningeal artery, gave off only a small twig supplying the lateral pterygoid muscle at the corresponding position. It was corroborated by the fact that the foramen spinosum was absent in this example. During usual development, the middle meningeal artery primarily springs from the supraorbital branch of the stapedial artery that arises from the dorsal part of the second branchial artery. Later, by the formation of the external carotid artery connecting with the common trunk of the infraorbital and mandibular branches (maxillomandibular division) of the stapedial artery and by the atrophy of the proximal part of it, the middle meningeal artery is finally supplied by the external carotid artery. But in this example, it is supposed that the middle meningeal artery arose from a more distal position of the internal carotid artery owing to the persistence of the anastomosis between the dorsal part of the first branchial artery and the supraorbital branch and the interruption of the connection between the supraorbital branch and maxillomandibular division of the stapedial artery.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Branchial Region / anatomy & histology*
  • Branchial Region / blood supply
  • Cadaver
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / abnormalities
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / anatomy & histology*
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meningeal Arteries / anatomy & histology*