The RIN: an RNA integrity number for assigning integrity values to RNA measurements

BMC Mol Biol. 2006 Jan 31:7:3. doi: 10.1186/1471-2199-7-3.


Background: The integrity of RNA molecules is of paramount importance for experiments that try to reflect the snapshot of gene expression at the moment of RNA extraction. Until recently, there has been no reliable standard for estimating the integrity of RNA samples and the ratio of 28S:18S ribosomal RNA, the common measure for this purpose, has been shown to be inconsistent. The advent of microcapillary electrophoretic RNA separation provides the basis for an automated high-throughput approach, in order to estimate the integrity of RNA samples in an unambiguous way.

Methods: A method is introduced that automatically selects features from signal measurements and constructs regression models based on a Bayesian learning technique. Feature spaces of different dimensionality are compared in the Bayesian framework, which allows selecting a final feature combination corresponding to models with high posterior probability.

Results: This approach is applied to a large collection of electrophoretic RNA measurements recorded with an Agilent 2100 bioanalyzer to extract an algorithm that describes RNA integrity. The resulting algorithm is a user-independent, automated and reliable procedure for standardization of RNA quality control that allows the calculation of an RNA integrity number (RIN).

Conclusion: Our results show the importance of taking characteristics of several regions of the recorded electropherogram into account in order to get a robust and reliable prediction of RNA integrity, especially if compared to traditional methods.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Bayes Theorem
  • Electrophoresis, Microchip / methods*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Mice
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Quality Control
  • RNA / analysis
  • RNA / isolation & purification
  • RNA / standards*
  • Rats
  • Software


  • RNA