This is a retrospective study about 49 cases of xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). The goal was to determine the clinical features of XP in Tunisia. Our study revealed the predominance of a moderate form. Malignant skin tumors showed early. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) remainsed the most frequent skin malignancy in all clinical forms. Neurological abnormalities were more frequent in the moderate form. Mental retardation and peripheral neuropathy were the most common signs.