Adams-Oliver syndrome: clinical description of a four-generation family and exclusion of five candidate genes

Clin Genet. 2006 Jan;69(1):86-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2006.00552.x.


We present a Belgian Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS) family with 10 affected individuals over four generations, of which six were available for this study. Clinical symptoms observed in these patients were very variable as previously reported in other families and included large areas of alopecia on the vertex of the skull and serious limb reduction defects with agenesis of all toes of one foot. To identify the disease-causing gene, we sequenced the MSX1, CART1, P63 (P73L), RUNX2, and HOXD13 genes in this family and nine previously reported families, but no disease-causing mutations were found. Further investigation is ongoing in these families in order to identify the genetic cause of AOS.

MeSH terms

  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Ectodermal Dysplasia / genetics*
  • Family Health
  • Female
  • Genes, Dominant*
  • Humans
  • Limb Deformities, Congenital / genetics*
  • Male
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Syndrome