Condom Use After Voluntary Counselling and Testing in Central Mozambique

Trop Med Int Health. 2006 Feb;11(2):176-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01548.x.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV/AIDS in changing risky sexual behaviour in central Mozambique.

Method: Longitudinal cohort study of men and women aged at least 18 years from October 2002 to June 2003. We interviewed 622 participants in VCT groups and 598 in non-VCT groups. The interviews occurred before counselling and 4 and 6 months afterwards.

Results: Reported use of condoms while having sex with a friends/prostitute increased over each time period in the VCT group and between baseline and first visit in the non-VCT group. Both men and women in the VCT group increased their condom use over time, but the women in the non-VCT group did not. Reported always/sometimes use of condoms for both literate and illiterate subjects was higher and rose over time in the VCT group.

Conclusion: People who undergo voluntary counselling and testing fro HIV/AIDS change their behaviour, presumably as a result of their counselling.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control
  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Counseling / methods*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • HIV Infections / psychology
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Mozambique / epidemiology
  • Patient Dropouts
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sex Distribution
  • Sex Work / psychology
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology*
  • Sexual Partners / psychology