The cosmid clone pIJ3020 containing DNA from the plant pathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris has previously been shown to complement a non-pathogenic mutant defective in synthesis of extracellular enzymes. The DNA cloned in pIJ3020 was analysed by mutagenesis with Tn5 and Tn5lac and by nucleotide sequencing. The results indicate that this region of the genome contains a cluster of genes, mutation in any of which results in failure of the enzymes and extracellular polysaccharide to be synthesized. The designation rpf (regulation of pathogenicity factors) is proposed for these genes. The nucleotide sequence of one gene (rpfC) predicts a protein product with homology to conserved domains of both sensor and regulator proteins of prokaryotic two-component regulatory systems, which are usually involved in regulating gene expression in response to environmental stimuli.