Anabolic steroids: a fatal attraction?

J Neuroendocrinol. 2006 Mar;18(3):227-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2826.2006.01407.x.


Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are widely abused, but the potential for dependence and addiction remains unclear. Recent studies from our laboratory have shown that male and female hamsters will voluntarily self-administer testosterone and other AAS. Furthermore, we have observed fatal androgen overdose during self-administration. This suggests that AAS are potentially addictive, independent of their effects on muscle mass or athletic performance.

MeSH terms

  • Anabolic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Animals
  • Cricetinae
  • Doping in Sports*
  • Drug Overdose*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Substance-Related Disorders*


  • Anabolic Agents