In clinical practice there is a difference in response of the blood-tumour barrier (BTB) permeability induced by bradykinin in brain tumours with the same pathology. The variability in response of tumours to bradykinin is likely to be related to the expression level of bradykinin B(2) receptor. This study used fresh human glioma samples to determine the expression level of bradykinin B(2) receptor on gliomas with different pathological grades. The grade of tumour was classified using the WHO classification. To determine the bradykinin B(2) receptor expression level in gliomas, Immunohistochemistry and Western blot methods were used. In 24 cases of gliomas there were eight cases of WHO I glioma, eight cases of WHO II glioma and eight cases of WHO III glioma. Both Western blot and immunohistochemistry showed bradykinin B(2) receptors localized on tumour cells, whilst brain cells at the edge of the glioma hardly expressed B(2) receptor. There were significant differences of bradykinin B(2) receptor expression level among different pathological grades of glioma. The expression of B(2) receptor in the three grades of glioma was in the order of WHO I < WHO II < WHO III. Determination of bradykinin B(2) receptor expression level in human glioma may be useful in screening glioma patients to predict whether they will be suitable for opening of the blood - tumour barrier with bradykinin or its analogue.