About 10% of the coding capacity of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) genome is devoted to the PE/PPE family of genes scattered throughout the genome. We have identified 28 PE/PPE operons which are organized within the M. tb genome in such a way that most PE members are upstream to PPE members. One example of such a gene arrangement is the PPE gene Rv2430c, earlier shown by us to code for a highly antigenic protein eliciting strong B-cell responses in TB patients [Choudhary, R.K., Mukhopadhyay, S., Chakhaiyar, P., Sharma, N., Murthy, K.J.R., Katoch V.M. and Hasnain, S.E. (2003) PPE antigen Rv2430c of Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces a strong B cell response. Infect. Immun. 71, 6338-6343], situated downstream to PE gene Rv2431c. Rv2431c and Rv2430c are transcribed as an operon. Expression of either rRv2431c or rRv2430c alone in E. coli limited their localization to the inclusion bodies. However, when they were co-expressed, both the proteins appeared in the soluble fraction. These two proteins interact with each other and form oligomers when alone, however, when present together they exist as heteromer.