Association study of two serotonin 1A receptor gene polymorphisms and fluoxetine treatment response in Chinese major depressive disorders

Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Oct;16(7):498-503. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2005.12.004. Epub 2006 Feb 3.


The firing rate of dorsal raphe serotonergic neurons is modulated by somatodendritic 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A (HTR1A) autoreceptors. Evidence from animal and clinical studies has suggested that desensitization of HTR1A is implicated in the antidepressant therapeutic mechanism of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Recent studies, including our recent findings, have reported that a functional HTR1A C-1019G polymorphism in the promoter region, as well as a nonsynonymous polymorphism, Gly272Asp, may be associated with SSRI pharmacogenetics. In this study, we tested whether Gly272Asp genetic variants are related to a 4-week fluoxetine antidepressant effect in 222 Chinese major depressive patients. We also tested the linkage disequilibrium (LD) measurement between HTR1A Gly272Asp and C-1019G polymorphisms, and haplotype analysis was conducted to assess the association between the two markers within the HTR1A gene and fluoxetine antidepressant response. The results show that the HTR1A Gly272Asp polymorphism was not associated with fluoxetine therapeutic response. The two markers are in strong LD and the HTR1A haplotype of the two polymorphisms is associated with fluoxetine therapeutic response. This association is gender-specific and mostly arises from the effect of HTR1A C-1019G polymorphism: female patients with -1019C/C genotype showed a better response than -1019G carriers. These findings need to be confirmed in other ethnic populations.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Asian People / ethnology
  • Asparagine / genetics
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / drug therapy*
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / genetics*
  • Female
  • Fluoxetine / therapeutic use*
  • Glycine / genetics
  • Humans
  • Linkage Disequilibrium
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A / genetics*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Sex Factors


  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
  • Fluoxetine
  • Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A
  • Asparagine
  • Glycine