Background: In RRMS, clinical exacerbations are usually associated with different types of active lesions at MRI, including: hyperintense lesions on T1-weighted post-gadolinium sequences; new hyperintense lesions or enlarging old lesions on PD/T2-weighted scans; or new hypointense lesions on T1-weighted pre-Gd sequences.
Objective/methods: Primary outcome was the occurrence of patients with at least one active MRI lesion of the different types indicated above during treatment with 250 microg every other day (EOD) interferon beta (IFNbeta)-1b or 30 microg once weekly (OW) IFNbeta-1a in outpatients with RRMS (INCOMIN Trial).
Results: The number of patients with at least one 'active' lesion, evaluated over the two-year follow-up, was significantly (P = 0.014) lower in the EOD IFNbeta-1 b arm (1 3/76, 17%) then in the OW IFNbeta-1a arm (25/73, 34%). NAb frequency over two-year follow-up was 22/65 (33.8%) in the EOD IFNbeta-1b arm and 4/62 (6.5%) in the OW IFNbeta-1a arm, significantly greater in the EOD IFNbeta-1b arm.
Conclusions: The development of MRI active lesions is strongly reduced by EOD-IFNbeta-1b compared with OW-IFNbeta-1a, indicating that EOD-IFNbeta-1b is more effective than OW-IFNbeta-1a in reducing ongoing inflammation and demyelination in MS. Logistic regression showed that NAb status did not affect the risk of MRI activity.