Interhemispheric connectivity and executive functioning in adults with Tourette syndrome

Neuropsychology. 2006 Jan;20(1):66-76. doi: 10.1037/0894-4105.20.1.66.


The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is relatively smaller, and the corpus callosum (CC) larger, in adults with Tourette syndrome (TS). The authors explored the possible roles of the PFC and the CC in mediating interhemispheric interference and coordination in TS adults. They measured performance on M. Kinsbourne and J. Cook's (1971) verbal-manual interference task and on the bimanual Purdue Pegboard in 38 adults with TS and 34 healthy adults. Compared with controls, TS subjects were impaired on the bimanual Purdue Pegboard. On the dual task, right-hand performance did not differ between groups, but the normally expected left-hand advantage (opposite hemisphere condition) was absent in TS subjects. In the control group only, better left-hand performance accompanied larger PFC volumes but not CC cross-sectional area. PFC dysfunction might have precluded executive control of interference in the TS group.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attention / physiology*
  • Brain Mapping
  • Corpus Callosum / physiopathology*
  • Dominance, Cerebral / physiology*
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nerve Net / physiopathology
  • Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data
  • Prefrontal Cortex / physiopathology*
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychomotor Performance / physiology
  • Reference Values
  • Tourette Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Tourette Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Tourette Syndrome / psychology