Rates of acute care admissions for frail older people living with met versus unmet activity of daily living needs

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Feb;54(2):339-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.00590.x.


Objectives: To determine whether older people who do not have help for their activity of daily living (ADL) disabilities are at higher risk for acute care admissions and whether entry into a program that provides for these needs decreases this risk.

Design: A longitudinal cohort study.

Setting: Thirteen nationwide sites for the Program of All-inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). PACE provides comprehensive medical and long-term care to community-living older adults.

Participants: Two thousand nine hundred forty-three PACE enrollees with one or more ADL dependencies.

Measurements: Unmet needs were defined as the absence of paid or unpaid assistance for ADL disabilities before PACE enrollment. Hospital admissions in the 6 months before PACE enrollment and acute admissions in the first 6 weeks and the 7th through 12th weeks after enrollment were determined.

Results: Those who lived with unmet ADL needs before enrollment were more likely to have a hospital admission before PACE enrollment (odds ratio (OR) = 1.28, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.01-1.63) and an acute admission in the first 6 weeks after enrollment (OR = 1.45, 95% CI = 1.00-2.09) but not after 6 weeks of receiving PACE services (OR = 0.86, 95% CI = 0.53-1.40).

Conclusion: Frail older people who live without needed help for their ADL disabilities have higher rates of admissions while they are living with unmet ADL needs but not after their needs are met. With state governments under increasing pressure to develop fiscally feasible solutions for caring for disabled older people, it is important that they be aware of the potential health consequences of older adults living without needed ADL assistance.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Aged
  • Disabled Persons*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Frail Elderly*
  • Health Services Needs and Demand / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Services Needs and Demand / trends
  • Health Services for the Aged / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Patient Admission / statistics & numerical data*
  • Patient Admission / trends
  • Retrospective Studies