Enhanced radial late systolic pressure augmentation in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy

Am J Hypertens. 2006 Jan;19(1):27-32. doi: 10.1016/j.amjhyper.2005.06.017.


Background: Wave reflection augments central blood pressure (BP) in late systole, thus increasing cardiac afterload. We examined the relationship between late systolic pressure augmentation in the peripheral radial artery pulse wave and the existence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertension.

Methods: Brachial BP, radial augmentation index (AI(r)), and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV(cf)) were determined in 77 untreated hypertensive patients aged 56 +/- 10 years. Cardiac structure and function were assessed by ultrasound, and LVH was defined based on the LV mass index (LVMI). Using multivariate analysis, patient characteristics were compared between those with (+) and without (-) LVH.

Results: The LVMI was correlated independently and positively with AI(r) (beta = 0.33, P = .004) and the brachial mean arterial pressure (MAP; beta = 0.25, P = .03). The ratio of early to atrial peak velocities (E/A ratio) of the diastolic transmitral flow tended to be correlated negatively with the AI(r). The LVH (+) group had a significantly higher AI(r) than the LVH (-) group [LVH (+), 97% v LVH (-), 89%, P = .003]; this difference remained significant even after adjustment for age, gender, MAP, and heart rate. The adjusted relative risk of LVH was 1.99 for each 10% AI(r) increase (P = .005). In contrast, LVMI was not correlated with the PWV(cf), and the PWV(cf) was not different between the LVH (+) and LVH (-) groups. Moreover, there was no significant correlation between PWV(cf) and AI(r).

Conclusions: These results suggest that the peripheral AI(r) measurement is clinically useful in predicting LVH. Enhanced wave reflection may be related to the development of LVH in hypertensive patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Brachial Artery / physiopathology
  • Carotid Arteries / physiopathology
  • Echocardiography
  • Female
  • Femoral Artery / physiopathology
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertension / physiopathology*
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / etiology
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Organ Size
  • Pulsatile Flow
  • Radial Artery / physiopathology*
  • Risk