Golf injuries: a review of the literature

Sports Med. 2006;36(2):171-87. doi: 10.2165/00007256-200636020-00006.


Golf is one of a few activities that people of all ages and skill level can play. Injury as with all sports can occur. The low back is the most common injury sustained whilst playing golf, and the dynamic action of the golf swing is a major contributing factor to injury. The golf swing is a complex movement that utilises the whole body in a coordinated fashion and when repeated frequently can result in injury. Injury can be overuse or traumatic in nature. Overuse injuries predominate in the professional golfer, and amateur golfer injury tends to occur secondary to an incorrect golf swing. Upper limb injuries are also common due to their role in linking the fast moving golf club with the power-generating torso. Fortunately, injury from a club or ball strike is rare. More common are the overuse injuries associated with the back, neck and shoulder. Most golf injury data have been collected retrospectively and further epidemiological study of a prospective nature is required to determine injury incidence and factor relating to the onset of injury.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arm Injuries / etiology
  • Back Injuries / etiology
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / etiology
  • Epidemiologic Studies
  • Female
  • Golf / injuries*
  • Hand Injuries / etiology
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / etiology
  • Male