Congenital hearing impairment

Pediatr Radiol. 2006 Apr;36(4):309-24. doi: 10.1007/s00247-005-0042-9. Epub 2006 Feb 8.


Establishing the etiology of congenital hearing impairment can significantly improve treatment for certain causes of hearing loss and facilitates genetic counseling. High-resolution CT and MRI have contributed to the evaluation and management of hearing impairment. In addition, with the identification of innumerable genetic loci and genetic defects involved in hearing loss, genetic testing has emerged as an invaluable tool in the assessment of hearing impairment. Some of the common forms of congenital hearing loss are reviewed and their imaging features illustrated.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Ear, Inner / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ear, Inner / pathology*
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics
  • Hearing Loss / congenital*
  • Hearing Loss / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Loss / genetics
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*