Background and objective: To report the results of trabeculectomy with adjunctive intraoperative mitomycin C in Chinese patients with glaucoma.
Patients and methods: The medical records of Chinese patients who received trabeculectomy with intraoperative mitomycin C from 1992 to 1998 were retrospectively reviewed. A "successful" trabeculectomy was defined as one after which the intraocular pressure (IOP) could be controlled to between 5 and 21 mm Hg, inclusive, with no more than 3 glaucoma medications.
Results: One hundred fourteen trabeculectomies in 105 eyes of 90 patients were retrospectively reviewed. Mean age +/- standard deviation was 48.1 +/- 21.9 years. Primary open-angle glaucoma (43.0%) and angle-closure glaucoma (27.2%) were the most common diagnoses leading to trabeculectomy. The mean follow-up +/- standard deviation was 29.6 +/- 18.6 months (range, 6 to 92 months). The overall success rate at the last follow-up was 73.7% (84 of 114 trabeculectomies).
Conclusions: Trabeculectomy with mitomycin C is a safe and effective procedure for the control of IOP in Chinese patients with glaucoma.