Lipid particle composition of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica depends on the carbon source

Proteomics. 2006 Mar;6(5):1450-9. doi: 10.1002/pmic.200500339.


Lipid particles (LP) of all types of cells are a depot of neutral lipids. The present investigation deals with the isolation of LP from the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica and the characterization of their lipid and protein composition. Properties of LP varied depending on the carbon source. LP from glucose-grown cells revealed a mean diameter of 650 nm with a hydrophobic core mainly formed of triacylglycerols (TAG) and a minor amount of steryl esters (SE). Oleic acid was the major fatty acid species esterified in LP. When cells were grown on oleic acid, LP size increased 3.8-fold, the particles exhibited a significantly lower ratio of TAG to SE, and the relative amount of oleic acid in LP lipids increased compared to cells grown on glucose. Analysis of LP proteins revealed an increasing number of polypeptides when cells were shifted from glucose- to oleic acid-containing medium. Twenty-one major LP proteins were identified under both growth conditions, and additional nine polypeptides were specific for growth on oleic acid. Identification of these proteins by MS and comparison of the deduced ORFs to those from Saccharomyces cerevisiae revealed that most proteins of Y. lipolytica LP are involved in lipid metabolism. LP proteins specific for growth on oleic acid are also enzymes involved in lipid metabolism, but some of them are also components of the intracellular traffic machinery. Thus, proteom analysis of LP proteins suggests involvement of this compartment in different cell biological processes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carbon / metabolism*
  • Fungal Proteins / analysis
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Inclusion Bodies / chemistry*
  • Inclusion Bodies / metabolism
  • Lipids / chemistry*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oleic Acid / metabolism
  • Open Reading Frames
  • Peptides / analysis
  • Peptides / genetics
  • Yarrowia / chemistry*
  • Yarrowia / metabolism


  • Fungal Proteins
  • Lipids
  • Peptides
  • Oleic Acid
  • Carbon
  • Glucose