Speech and language impairment and oromotor dyspraxia due to deletion of 7q31 that involves FOXP2

Am J Med Genet A. 2006 Mar 1;140(5):509-14. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.31110.


We report detailed clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular findings in a girl with a deletion of chromosome 7q31-q32. This child has a severe communication disorder with evidence of oromotor dyspraxia, dysmorphic features, and mild developmental delay. She is unable to cough, sneeze, or laugh spontaneously. Her deletion is on the paternally inherited chromosome and includes the FOXP2 gene, which has recently been associated with speech and language impairment and a similar form of oromotor dyspraxia in at least three other published cases. We hypothesize that our patient's communication disorder and oromotor deficiency are due to haploinsufficiency for FOXP2 and that her dysmorphism and developmental delay are a consequence of the absence of the other genes involved in the microdeletion. We propose that this patient, together with others reported in the literature, may define a new contiguous gene deletion syndrome encompassing the 7q31-FOXP2 region. Cytogenetic and molecular analysis of this region should be considered for other individuals displaying similar characteristics.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics
  • Abnormalities, Multiple / pathology
  • Apraxias / pathology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Karyotyping
  • Language Disorders / pathology*
  • Microsatellite Repeats / genetics
  • Speech Disorders / pathology*


  • FOXP2 protein, human
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors