Vascular toxicity of antineoplastic agents

Semin Oncol. 2006 Feb;33(1):121-38. doi: 10.1053/j.seminoncol.2005.11.006.


Among the various deleterious effects of cancer chemotherapy, vascular toxicity is the least well recognized. This lack of recognition may be because the vasculotoxic phenomena are not unique to antineoplastic agents, can occur in patients without exposure to these agents, and the fact cancer itself may produce a hypercoagulable state. As a result, many vascular events either go unnoticed, are ignored, and/or are attributed to the underlying malignancy. Many antineoplastic therapies are associated with various vascular phenomena that range from simple phelibitis to lethal microangiopathy. Recognition of these events is important to minimize the morbidity and even prevent unnecessary deaths. Herein we review the vascular syndromes that have been reported in association with antineoplastic agents.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Vascular Diseases / chemically induced*


  • Antineoplastic Agents