Molecular properties of Oep21, an ATP-regulated anion-selective solute channel from the outer chloroplast membrane

J Biol Chem. 2006 Apr 28;281(17):12020-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M513586200. Epub 2006 Feb 10.


The flux of phosphorylated carbohydrates, the major export products of chloroplasts, is regulated at the level of the inner and presumably also at the level of the outer membrane. This is achieved through modulation of the outer membrane Oep21 channel currents and tuning of its ion selectivity. Refined analysis of the Oep21 channel properties by biochemical and electrophysiological methods revealed a channel formed by eight beta-strands with a wider pore vestibule of dvest approximately 2.4 nm at the intermembrane site and a narrower filter pore of drestr approximately 1 nm. The Oep21 pore contains two high affinity sites for ATP, one located at a relative transmembrane electrical distance delta = 0.56 and the second close to the vestibule at the intermembrane site. The ATP-dependent current block and reduction in anion selectivity of the Oep21 channel is relieved by the competitive binding of phosphorylated metabolic intermediates like 3-phosphoglycerate and glycerinaldehyde 3-phosphate. Deletion of a C-terminal putative FX4K binding motif in Oep21 decreased the capability of the channel to tune its ion selectivity by about 50%, whereas current block remained unchanged.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology*
  • Anions / metabolism*
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Chloroplasts / metabolism*
  • Gene Deletion
  • Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate / metabolism
  • Glyceric Acids / metabolism
  • Intracellular Membranes / chemistry
  • Intracellular Membranes / metabolism*
  • Ion Channels / physiology*
  • Lipid Bilayers
  • Membrane Potentials
  • Phosphorylation
  • Pisum sativum / chemistry*
  • Pisum sativum / genetics
  • Pisum sativum / metabolism*
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism*


  • Anions
  • Glyceric Acids
  • Ion Channels
  • Lipid Bilayers
  • Plant Proteins
  • Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate
  • 3-phosphoglycerate
  • Adenosine Triphosphate