The effect of vitamin D as supplementary treatment in patients with moderately advanced pulmonary tuberculous lesion

Acta Med Indones. Jan-Mar 2006;38(1):3-5.

Abstract

Aim: to compare the vitamin D group of pulmonary tuberculosis patients with a placebo group in terms of clinical improvement, nutritional status, sputum conversion, and radiological improvement.

Methods: sixty seven tuberculosis patient visiting the Pulmonary Clinic, of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, from January 1st to August 31st, 2001 were included in this study. The subjects were randomised to receive vitamin D (0.25 mg/day) or placebo in a double blind method, during the 6th initial week of Tb treatment. The rate of sputum conversion, complete blood counts, blood chemistry as well as radiologic examination were evaluated.

Results: there were more male patients than females (39:28), 78.7% were in the productive age group, 71.6% had low nutritional status, 62.4% with low education level, and 67.2% with low income. One hundred percent of the vitamin D group and only 76.7% of the placebo group had sputum conversion. This difference is statistically significant (p=0.002).

Conclusion: the sputum conversion had no correlation with the hemoglobin level, blood clotting time, calcium level, lymphocyte count, age, sex, and nutritional status. There were more subjects with radiological improvement in the vitamin D group.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Count
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutritional Status
  • Sputum / microbiology
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / drug therapy*
  • Vitamin D / therapeutic use*
  • Vitamins / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Antitubercular Agents
  • Vitamins
  • Vitamin D